Christiansburg is an incorporated town in Montgomery County, Virginia, and the county seat. The town was originally chartered in 1792 and named in honor of William Christian, son of the town's founder, Israel Christian. William Christian was married to the sister of Patrick Henry, a prominent figure in the American Revolution. The town's population in 2000 was 16.947 persons (2000 U.S. Census).
Christiansburg became an important point on the Wilderness Road. Daniel Boone and Davy Crockett lived in Christianburg during the town's early years. The first duel with rifles in Virginia took place in Christiansburg in May of 1808 which resulted in the death of both participants. The duel influenced the passage, in January, 1810, of the Barbour Bill outlawing dueling in Virginia.